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At the Second General Assembly of the Fourth China Machinery Industry Federation held on January 29, Wang Ruixiang, president of the China Machine Federation, analyzed the new situation and new requirements faced by China's machinery industry under the new normal.
Accurately grasp the basic trend of the development of machinery industry
First, the world's major economies have generally increased their attention and support for manufacturing. A prominent feature of the world economic structure and trends after the financial crisis is that countries around the world have taken revitalization of manufacturing as an important strategy for industrial development.
Second, China's machinery industry is in a period of significant historical opportunities. After years of development, China's machinery industry has already possessed a unique international comparative advantage. In 2015, in accordance with the work of the Central Economic Work Conference, plans will be made to increase the scale of investment within the central budget, launch a number of new major projects; implement differentiated regional development policies, and propose projects for the western, central and northeast old industrial bases. Construction and development opinions; will accelerate the construction of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei, â€œOne Belt and One Roadâ€ and the Yangtze River Economic Belt; will implement a number of major innovative projects and smart manufacturing major projects in the fields of agricultural technology and equipment, high-end equipment, new energy vehicles, gas turbines, etc. It provides a new historical opportunity for the development of the machinery industry.
Third, international trade protectionism has intensified. Today, with economic globalization and fierce competition, Chinaâ€™s large-scale production, low added value of products and lack of voice in the international market often bear the brunt of trade friction and become the biggest victim country. The machinery industry has also become the â€œhardest hitâ€. . According to statistics, in 2014, foreign countries initiated five anti-dumping anti-circumvention investigations on farming machinery, wind turbine generator castings, crawler bulldozers, oriented silicon electric steel and graphite electrodes.
Fourth, the industry is showing a trend of digitalization, intelligence, and green development.
Scientific understanding of the main characteristics of China's machinery industry under the new normal
First, the industry has entered a period of rapid growth. According to statistics, the main business income of the machinery industry increased by 24.41% during the â€œTenth Five-Year Planâ€ period, and the average growth rate during the â€œEleventh Five-Year Planâ€ was 27.9%. In the first four months of 2014, it fell back to 9.65%, from the double-digit growth of consecutive years. It has entered a single digit growth of 8%~10%; the total profit has increased by 32.31% during the â€œTenth Five-Year Planâ€ period, and the average growth rate during the â€œEleventh Five-Year Planâ€ is 39.71%, which has dropped back to 11.24% in January-November 2014. From the trend point of view, stepping into single digits has become inevitable.
Second, there have been new changes in the market demand structure. The proportion of investment demand declined, the proportion of consumer demand increased; the demand for traditional products declined more than that of emerging products; the incremental demand was the decline in demand brought about by new construction, and the demand for stocks increased due to the maintenance and repair of in-service equipment. The contribution of technology and services to growth has increased significantly.
Third, the adjustment of industrial structure is facing new challenges. From the perspective of industry structure, the simultaneous growth of the main sub-sectors is diverging. Agricultural machinery, automobiles, refrigeration and air-conditioning equipment, environmental protection machinery, etc. directly related to people's livelihood, and the development of opportunities in the instrumentation, basic parts and other industries related to improving the quality of the entire industry. The growth rate of industries such as heavy machinery related to heavy chemical industry and extended growth mode has slowed down.
Fourth, the innovation drive has become a new engine for development. According to statistics, the â€œTwelfth Five-Year Planâ€ and the award-winning Science and Technology Progress Awards in the first four years of the â€œTwelfth Five-Year Planâ€ increased by 46.1% and 42.3% respectively in the first four years of the â€œEleventh Five-Year Planâ€; the number of scientific and technological achievements and new products continued to increase. The first four years of the five-year and the first four years of the "11th Five-Year Plan" increased by 36.5%. A number of high-end components and host equipment made breakthroughs in localization, hydraulic systems, high-speed (precision) bearings, CNC systems, special special materials, etc. have successively replaced import capabilities.
Fifth, international operations have gradually become a major trend. Over the years, the total volume of machinery import and export trade has always occupied a considerable proportion in the country. In 2013, the total import and export volume of machinery accounted for 16.14% of the total import and export volume of the country, and 16.74% of the total import and export volume in 2014, and the export trade structure has changed gratifyingly. The products are transformed from stand-alone to complete equipment and production services.
Actively adapt to the new normal new requirements
First, the promotion of growth mode has shifted from scale to quality.
Second, the drive for development is driven by factor-driven to innovation-driven.
The third is to promote the transformation of industrial structure from traditional manufacturing to service-oriented manufacturing and intelligent, green manufacturing.
The fourth is to promote the development model from the first machine to the more focused and solid foundation.
Fifth, the promotion of market operations has shifted from domestic to "two markets."
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